Sun. Feb 25th, 2024

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3 Birth Defects You’ve Never Heard Of

Birth defects are conditions that are present at birth. Many parents are familiar with common birth defects, such as cleft lip or club foot. However, there are many birth defects that you have probably never heard of. In this article, we will discuss three birth defects that you may not know about. Each of these birth defects can cause serious health problems for the child. So if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, it is important to be aware of these conditions!

The first birth defect we will discuss is Arnold-Chiari malformation. This birth defect affects the brain and spinal cord, resulting in a misalignment of the two structures. In some cases, this can cause hydrocephalus (excess fluid buildup on the brain) or other neurologic symptoms such as headaches, balance problems, and difficulty swallowing. Arnold-Chiari malformation is usually diagnosed through an MRI scan or CT scan of the brain.

The second birth defect discussed is Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). This birth defect causes growth problems due to a lack of hormones from the pituitary gland. It also causes learning difficulties, behavioral problems, and obesity due to the body’s inability to feel full.

The last birth defect mentioned is Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (CMD). This birth defect affects the muscles throughout the body, resulting in weakness and decreased muscle tone. In some cases, it may also cause heart and respiratory problems.

While birth defects can be devastating for parents, understanding the different types available can help them prepare if their child is born with one. Knowing which birth defect your child has can also lead to better treatment and management of their condition.