Though it is commonly misunderstood, autism is a very real and complex disorder affecting millions of people worldwide. If you are unfamiliar with autism, or would like to learn more about it, read on! This article will discuss three important points about autism spectrum disorder: what it is, how it affects people, and how to get help.
Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disability that affects a person’s ability to communicate and interact with others. It is characterized by difficulty with social interaction, repetitive behaviors, and unique interests or fixations. Autism spectrum disorder occurs in all ethnic and socioeconomic groups and affects boys four times as often as girls.
There is no one “type” of autism. The disorder manifests itself in a variety of ways, which is why it is called a “spectrum” disorder. Some people with autism are nonverbal and have significant intellectual disabilities, while others are highly verbal and have above-average intelligence. Some people with autism excel at visual skills but struggle with verbal skills, while others may have the opposite profile.
Most people with autism spectrum disorder fall somewhere in between these extremes. The majority of people with ASD have average or above-average intelligence and some level of speech and language skills. However, they may still struggle with social interaction, communication, and flexibility in thinking. Many people with ASD also have sensory processing issues.
People with autism spectrum disorder can have a wide range of strengths and abilities. Some people with ASD excel in visual skills, music, or math. Others may have strong language skills or be able to learn quickly. Some people with ASD are successful in mainstream classrooms and go on to college, while others may need more specialized education and support.
There is no one-size-fits-all autism spectrum disorder. Each individual with ASD is unique, with their own strengths, weaknesses, and needs. With the right education, support, and accommodations, people with ASD can lead happy and successful lives.