Pregnancy is an exciting and overwhelming time for expectant parents. However, it is also a crucial time to prioritize the health of the growing baby. One of the ways to do this is to prevent birth defects.
Birth defects are physical or mental abnormalities that affect a baby’s health. It may affect the baby’s organs, limbs, or senses. Birth defects can range from mild to severe, and it may cause long-term challenges for the child and their family.
Here are some tips to help prevent birth defects:
- Take folic acid. It is a B-vitamin that helps with the baby’s neural tube development. It is essential for preventing birth defects like spina bifida. It is recommended to take folic acid during the first trimester.
- Avoid alcohol and tobacco. Drinking alcohol and smoking during pregnancy can increase the risk of birth defects like abnormal facial features, heart defects, and low birth weight.
- Stay active. Regular physical activity can help reduce the risk for birth defects and improve overall health during pregnancy.
- Get early and regular prenatal care. Regular check-ups help detect potential issues early on and can prevent the risk of birth defects.
By following these tips, parents can help minimize the risk of birth defects and promote a healthy pregnancy. Remember, taking care of yourself during pregnancy also means taking care of your baby.